AMD Ryzen R5 1600X Processor : Review

n 2017, AMD renewed its processor line with the arrival of the Ryzen family . The products developed over the last few years gained attention earlier this year, when the manufacturer finally made the products available to the public.

The new components are divided into three series: Ryzen 3, focused on the consumer seeking competent solutions for multimedia tasks; Ryzen 5, designed for demanding gamers and professionals who require advanced graphic support; And Ryzen 7, suitable for enthusiasts who want to get the most out of heavy tasks.

Recently, we tested the most powerful model of the Ryzen 7 line . At the time, we commented on the advantages of the product, which impressed us by its raw power in situations that need to extract every drop of performance . Although not the most suitable for games , the Ryzen 7 1800X proved to be well prepared for such tasks.

Once the top-of-the-line moment has passed, AMD has decided to launch Ryzen 5 mid-range models. Based on the Zen architecture , the components of this segment come in to offer high performanceat fair prices. Does AMD have other chips here that might surprise the consumer?

The manufacturer sent us the Ryzen 5 1600X processor for complete analysis . This is the most advanced model in the category, which should compete with the Intel Core i7-7600K. What are the benefits of this chip? Is he really ready for high end gambling? Follow our review to check out the new features of the architecture and the power of this model.

Specifications

Ryzen architecture for games

From the first announcement, AMD made it clear that it had a totally new architecture , with a project built from scratch to bring innovation and competitiveness to the market. As we see in the review of the “flagship” of the family Ryzen , the manufacturer has prepared its technology to create a standard break in the segment.

The Ryzen series set aside the basic model that AMD used to  use in the past, and adopted a much bolder structure to extend application performance without having to resort to brute-force tactics (as was the case with some brand-name chips that used a lot Power to run with high clocks, which was not always effective in using the software).

The first Ryzen model impressed at that point, but we still had a component that was more focused on heavy activity, which is perhaps not in the interest of consumers looking for a solution to gamingor routine multimedia activities. Thus, the brand sent us the Ryzen 5 1600X , which has more modest specifications, but promises to intensify the competition with the intermediary components of Intel.

Like its more robust brother, the Ryzen 5 1600X operates on the 3.6 GHz frequency in its default state and can reach the 4.0 GHz clock during the most demanding activities (when the Turbo mode is activated). Despite this similarity, the most powerful chip in the middle series has fewer cores and threads.

It comes equipped with six cores and can run 12 threads, which is more than enough to support multiple apps and activities very efficiently. Equipped with 19 MB of cache memory, this chip should be very competent for tasks that require more processing time.

Despite the limitations of cores and memory (compared to the more powerful model, of course), the Ryzen 5 1600X is supposed to have a very similar power consumption, since the AMD-reported TDP is exactly the same. According to specs, the TDP is only 95 watts, which is still impressive for a six-core component.

Get to know Zen architecture

The performance of Zen architecture is based on advanced parallelism in instruction level. The goal is to perform tasks intelligently and perform single-threaded activities more quickly. Translating: This technology works in the smallest part of the procedures and performs multiple tasks side by side to boost performance .

In terms of processing power, Zen represents a giant leap in performance capability compared to previous AMD designs as it leaves behind concepts that are not best suited for superior performancewith the latest software.

According to AMD data, the Zen architecture has a scheduling window that is 75% larger than that of its predecessors and 50% more in bandwidth and features. These changes allow Zen to schedule and send more work to the execution units, meaning you can demand a lot from the chip and expect immediate results because it can queue up multiple tasks, store lots of data in memory, and give quick returns.

This novelty also gains a similar resemblance to a neural network of prediction that allows you to be smarter in preparing directions and directions for future work – it understands how software works and streamlines the steps of activities in future repetitions. Finally, Zen-based products can use SMT ( Simultaneous MultiThreading ) to increase the use of the computing pipeline with more useful loads.

Substantial changes in throughput

The improved data rate in the Zen architecture prefetch and cache engines , as well as improved multithreaded pipeline management, enables the processor to work with more data and deliver results in less time.

One of the main changes in the Zen architecture was the revision in the cache memory hierarchy. It features 64 KB of dedicated L1 level I-Cache for instructions, 32 KB of dedicated L1 D-Cache for data, 512 KB of L2-level cache for each core, and 8 MB of shared L3 cache between four cores.

By doing the math, we can understand how the six cores, each with 96 KB of L1 cache, total the 576 KB cache reported by AMD for Ryzen 5 1600X . Likewise, the 512 KB of L2 cache added together totals 3 MB, which, together with 16 MB of L3 cache, results in the total 19 MB of cache memory.

The new cache architecture of the Zen architecture is augmented with a prefetcher equipped with sophisticated learning, which speculatively harvests data from applications in the cache and keeps it available for immediate execution. The sum of these changes approximates the core cache in such a way that the bandwidth can increase by up to five times.

Much more efficient

With low-power design methodologies to intelligently manage energy in states of activity and idleness, the Zen architecture presents ways of extracting all silicon capacities and minimizing situations with unnecessary resource consumption, which adds value to the performance aspect by watt.

Importantly, the processor es Ryzen adopt a lithographic process FinFET 14 nm, which drastically reduces the density of the components. With this innovation, it is possible to create smaller chips and work with reduced voltages, which results in an attenuated curve between energy and performance .

The Zen architecture still uses new, low-power methodologies such as micro-caching (which reduces the search for distant data), almost zero clocks in idle situations (which are regulated dynamically), and a mode To generate addresses on the shipper.

Scalability is the word of order

Basically, Ryzen’s scalability is in a four-core group (CCX), which can be attached to a new interconnect called the “Infinite Factory”, which allows you to configure Zen cores separately to scale, integrate, and communicate efficiently with Other CCX units.

Scalability in Zen architecture starts with the core group (CCX), which is basically a native module with 4 cores (capable of running 8 threads). As already mentioned, each Ryzen 5 1600X CCX has 96 KB of L1-level cache memory for each core (closing the account at 384 KB per CCX), 512 KB of L2-level cache memory for each core (totaling 2 MB per CCX) and 8 MB of shared L3 level cache between all cores.

It is worth noting that the Ryzen 5 1600X has more than one CCX unit, but half of the second cores are disabled, which totals 6 cores and 12 threads. This feature, however, does not impact L3 cache memory, which remains fully operational on the second drive. In practice, this means that this chip has more virtual space (at L3 level, of course) to allocate virtual data.

It is important to note that this modular architecture allows adding more cores, threads and cache memory, so AMD can adapt the components according to the type of activity. This was already evident in the Ryzen 7 1800X, but was even more noticeable with the announcement of the processor is AMD Threadripper.

New Technology AMD SenseMi

Each AMD Ryzen processor has an intelligent network of interconnected sensors that are accurately tuned to operate at 1 mV voltage, 1 mA current and 1 ° C temperature, with an update of one thousand times per second.

These sensors generate vital data telemetry that power an Infinite Factory loop, which is controlled to deliver real-time power to the various Ryzen processor settings based on current behavior and expected conditions for future operations.

AMD SenseMI technology is a five-sensor package that relies on sophisticated learning algorithms and “command and control” algorithms from the Infinite Factory. With this technology, AMD Ryzenshows itself to be very smart in fine-tuning the performance and power characteristics of cores by speculatively capturing the cache and making predictions using artificial intelligence.

Test s performance

Finally, the moment to show the full potential of Ryzen . As usual, we performed dozens of tests to find out the processor’s capacity .

To have an enhanced sense of the chip’s capabilities, we performed comparisons with its direct competitor (Intel Core i5-7600K) with a processor more robust Intel (Intel Core i7-6700K) and Ryzen 7 1800X.

Testing machine s

  • System: Windows 10 Pro
  • Processor : AMD Ryzen R5 1600X
  • Motherboard: ASRock AB350 Gaming K4
  • Memory: 16 GB Geil DDR4 3,200 MHz
  • SSD: Intel 540 Series 480 GB
  • SSD 2: WD Blue 1 TB
  • HD: WD Blue 4 TB
  • Video Card: NVIDIA GeForce GTX 1080
  • Source: Corsair AX1500i
  • Cooler: AMD Wraith Max

PassMark

The PassMark Performance Test runs tests on all components of the computer, measuring the capacities of the memory, the hard disk, the processor , the video card, and of course the communication between all these components and the motherboard.

The overall PassMark score is an average score of all items on the computer, something greatly impacted by the chipset’s performance in direct communication with the processor .

* Testing with the i7-6700K processor reflects updated results with new motherboards

PCMark

PCMark is focused on mixed tests , which simulate from the more traditional use of a computer, such as internet browsing, to playing movies and other tasks. We use the Creative Conventional check to check the performance of the machine.

* Testing with the i7-6700K processor reflects updated results with new motherboards

MaxxMEM

MaxxMEM is a test application that measures the speed of memory in different situations: copy, read and write. This benchmark is important for measuring the RAM transfer rate and seeing how the memory controller comes out on a day-to-day basis.

Although it is a test to prove the capabilities of the motherboard, we find it necessary to share the results, since you can have a sense of the results you will have with a Ryzen platform of that level.

* Testing with the i7-6700K processor reflects updated results with new motherboards

Cinebench

Cinebench is a test of benchmark that checks your computer’s capabilities in the rendering of images and three-dimensional graphics (using OpenGL). This software is widely used for checks performance of the processor  – was even used by AMD in their statements.

* Testing with the i7-6700K processor reflects updated results with new motherboards

RealBench

This ASUS benchmark performs a series of practical tests , simulating how the machine behaves on a daily basis. RealBench analyzes the power of the computer when editing images, encoding videos, working with OpenCL, and performing multiple tasks. The overall result indicates the machine’s capacity in points.

* Testing with the i7-6700K processor reflects updated results with new motherboards

The

To bring you a more useful analysis , we’ve screened the latest games so you can get a feel for AMD Ryzen’s capabilities over the latest games . The tests were run with the NVIDIA GeForce GTX 1080 and GeForce GTX 1080 Ti cards, to see how well the processor performs in really heavy situations.

Ghost Recon: Wildlands

Another heavy game is the new Ghost Recon: Wildlands. With high definition textures, ample scenarios, and use of filters on multiple objects, it consumes a lot of GPU resources. Even boards like the GTX 1080 may have some difficulties when it comes to turning it at high resolutions.

The Division

The Division consumes a lot of computer resources, including constant processor performance . The game takes advantage of many filters and technologies to deliver visuals first. A feature present in it is the automatic benchmark system , something that facilitates the comparison between different systems.

3DMark

3D Mark is one of the most famous benchmark programs . It stands out primarily for bringing a wide variety of scenarios to test the different hardware and software features of the video card. This benchmark is divided into four stages, each with a more advanced level of complexity, and below we show the main results.

Temperature

Despite being the most robust model of the mid-range, the AMD Ryzen 5 1600X interestingly does not come with a cooling solution. This is a bit tricky for the consumer, who needs to opt for an additional product and take care to opt for a model that can really “handle the errand.”

For our tests , we use AMD Wraith Max, one of the most robust solutions for this processor tooperate even under extreme conditions. The AMD Ryzen 5 1600X went very well in the tests , so it was expected to generate a lot of heat.

Check the temperature results:

  • Idle: 25 to 30 degrees Celsius
  • Web surfing: 35 to 48 degrees Celsius
  • Games : 52 to 65 degrees Celsius
  • Rendering at Cinebench: 84 degrees Celsius *
    * Peak value achieved with 10 test repeats

It seems that the Ryzen 5 1600X is a breakthrough in thermal terms, especially when compared to the top-of-the-line Ryzen series results . While working with all cores on heavy duty tasks, the 1600X rarely reaches 70 degrees, with occasional elevations to 80 degrees.

So we can say that air cooler type cooling systems are enough to keep the chip operating smoothly, but of course you can opt for a water cooler if you think it’s best to keep the component cool.

Worth it?

After the good surprises with the AMD Ryzen 7 1800X , we were expecting excellent results from the intermediate model of this processor family is for desktops. Well: after our tests with the Ryzen5 1600X , we can say that the component met our expectations and even managed to surprise in several aspects.

Designed to be the competitor of the Intel Core i5-7600K, this Ryzen was able to surpass the competitor in several scenarios. In addition, it has been able to even achieve the results of indirect (and perhaps even stronger) competitors, such as the Intel Core i7-6700K.

Unlike the flagship of the family, the Ryzen 5 1600X is not as bold on some tasks, but its optimization for common software and games is what it’s really worth. It certainly gives the message to more recent games and can quietly track the performance of robust video cards such as GeForce GTX 1080.

It is important to note, however, that we are talking about the tests we perform, so these statements should not be taken as the only truths for any comparisons. On the other hand, it is also not possible to guarantee that the performance is not limited by the software that is not yet adapted for the component’s operation.

The initial problems that supposedly limit the performance of Ryzen leave it very clear, and even the Windows power plan may negatively impact the performance processor . It is worth mentioning that this “problem” of the power plan can be easily corrected with the installation of the latest software for AMD chipsets.

We were surprised by the excellent temperature results of this component. It runs cool with an air cooler and should not have any drawback even at stressful work loads. We also like the uncomplicated application that allows you to make changes in frequency in few settings, ideal for overclocking.

The prices of Ryzen 5 1600X range from R $ 1,059 to R $ 1,3 thousand, which are well suited considering the product proposal and also the standard practiced by the competition. A great processor from AMD for a fair value, ideal for those who want to play, render videos or working with heavy tasks. Congratulations to AMD for the great work!